POND TYPES: There are two types of ponds - embankment and excavated. Embankment ponds are more common in areas with moderate to steep sloping terrain. They are created by building a dam or embankment between two hillsides to collect and hold water from overland runoff. Embankment ponds should not be built by damming permanent flow streams, no matter what size they are. Small steams are a source for silt, sediment, debris, excess nutrients, and undesirable fish, all of which can degrade water quality and reduce chances of good fishing. Excavated ponds are constructed in areas of flat or gently sloping land. As the name implies, dug ponds are created by removing soil and allowing water to fill in the dugout area. Most of the water supply comes from ground water seepage or natural springs. Soils are usually made up of materials that allow free movement of water through the pond bottom.
(This material is borrowed from Richland SWCD):
Before constructing a pond, it is a good idea to take a close look at your property and potential pond site. This process involves studying your site, watershed, soils and more. Below is a detailed list, helping you through the site study process. It's also important to fully understand what ponds require for proper function and longevity.
POND CONSTRUCTION RESOURCES
Ponds - Planning, Design, Construction | Natural Resource Conservation Service
Agriculture Handbook Number 590 A thorough resource pertaining to pond planning, design and construction.
New Pond Construction | Butler Soil & Water Conservation District & Natural Resource Conservation Service
A concise informational booklet on new pond construction.
POND SITE STUDY AREAS
(Some of this material is borrowed from Butler County SWCD.)
1. Site Selection